Document Details

Title National Regulatory Frameworks for Transnational Higher Education: Models and Trends, Part 1
Author Line Verbik, Lisa Jokivirta - The Observatory on Borderless Higher Education


Transnational higher education has in recent years become an increasingly widespread phenomenon with ever more exporting and importing countries. A significant number of countries see real value-added potential in foreign provision. However, the increase in transnational delivery has raised growing concerns over how to regulate this type of activity, which in many ways falls outside both the exporting and importing countries’ regulatory frameworks for higher education. Whilst many countries have introduced regulations guiding the operations of foreign providers, a significant number of countries do not presently impose restrictions on imported transnational delivery. The latter position is often a default regulatory model rather than a strategic policy particularly in countries where transnational activity for various reasons appears on a small scale (e.g. there is no capacity problem, little demand for foreign education, etc). Other countries have imposed strict regulations in the past and are now moving towards more liberal conditions, in many cases following pressure from outside bodies to open up the sector. Yet in other countries, there is a shift towards a more restrictive approach, often driven by concerns over the quality of provision or a desire to downgrade the importance of transnational activity. It is suggested that there will be a growing pressure to develop national regulatory frameworks for foreign provision. There are signs that the issue of providing locally sensitive but sustainable transnational education will be of growing importance for exporting and importing institutions and countries.

Date 01/02/2005
Region(s) All Regions
Countries International
Theme(s) Regulatory Frameworks
Topic(s) Regulation, Accreditation, Quality Assurance

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